D.E. Orem © 2002 Archive G. Bekel

D.E. Orem © 2002 Archive G. Bekel

1. I need information about the theorist Dorothea E. Orem.

Dorothea E. Orem was born 1914 in Baltimore, Maryland. She passed away on June 22, 2007 in her home in Savannah, GA, USA. Dorothea died shortly before her 93rd birthday.

Education: Diploma (early 1930's), Providence Hospital School of Nursing, Washington, DC; BSN Ed. (1939) and MSN Ed. (1945) from the Catholic University of America, Washington, DC.

Honorary Doctorates: Doctor of Science from Georgetown University (1976) and Incarnate Word College in San Antonio, Texas (1980); Doctor of Humane Letters from Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, Illinois (1988); Doctor Honoris Causae, University of Missouri-Columbia (1998).

Special Awards: Catholic University of America Alumni Achievement Award for Nursing Theory (1980); Linda Richards Award, National League for Nursing (1991); and honorary Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing (1992).

2. What were some of the influences that led her to develop the theory?

Information on the influences on Orem can be found in the November 1998 IOS newsletter. The development of Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory: A Historical Analysis by Susan Taylor.

3. I need information about the theory.

There are many articles about the theory. The best source is Orem's textbook which should be available in your library or through an interlibrary loan. Orem, Dorothea. Nursing: Concepts of Practice. January, 2001. Mosby, ISBN 032300864X. Summaries and analyses of the theory are available. Comprehensive reviews of the theory and supporting literature can be found in:

D.E. Orem (1979) Concept Formalization in Nursing: Process and Product. (A reprint was supported by the IOS in 2004. For more information click here.) Young, A., Taylor, S. & Renpenning, K. (2003) Connections: Nursing Research, Theory and Practice. Mosby.
Fawcett, J. (2005) Contemporary Nursing Knowledge: Analysis and Evaluation of Nursing Models and Theories. F.A. Davis.

There are other reviews in nursing theory anthologies available. The IOS newsletters and the IOS Journal (full text available) also contains much information.

4. Is there a bibliography available online?

There is an old bibliography, last updated in 1996, accessible through the Oakland University web site. There is a number of review articles that include extensive bibliographies, such as Orem's self-care deficit nursing theory: its philosophic foundation and the state of the science, by Taylor, S., Geden, E., Isaramalai, S. & Wongvatunyu, S., 2000, Nursing Science Quartely, 13(2):104-110.

A CINAHL search will also yield an extensive bibliography. Search keywords Orem; self-care model.

5. Do you have an assessment form or a nursing process form?

There are none online at this time. There are case studies and other descriptions of clinical use of SCDNT in the IOS newsletters that you can access.

Orem includes a nursing history form in her textbook (Nursing: Concepts of Practice), Appendix B.
Allison, S. & Renpenning, K. Nursing Administration in the 21st Century, 2000, Sage Publications, has samples of care plans and other applications.